This $30,000 robot will make you a salad

Sally doesn’t clean, chop or toss vegetables. The new salad robot making its debut in San Francisco this month is more like a salad vending machine: Press a few buttons on a touchscreen and it drops neat portions of refrigerated ingredients into a bowl.

But Sally the Salad Robot could be the latest step in automating some of the more repetitive parts of food preparation. Its creators hope food robots can help with one of Silicon Valley’s biggest restaurant problems: a shortage of kitchen workers.

Sally is the first product from Chowbotics, a Redwood City startup developing robots for the food-service industry. CEO and Founder Deepak Sekar spent two years creating Sally with help from Apple (AAPL, Tech30)Fellow Rich Page.

“I’ve always thought cooking was 20% creative work and 80% formulaic work like chopping,” said Sekar.

He also worked with ex-Google (GOOG) chef Charlie Ayers, an early Google employee who has gone on to open his own restaurant in Palo Alto, Calafia Café, and work on food startups.

Sally is a bit larger than an ATM, with a rounded window so you can peer inside at the food. You can choose a suggested salad recipe or customize your own on the touchscreen. Inside there are 21 canisters chilled to around 34 degrees and filled with items like kale, romaine lettuce, tomatoes, kalamata olives, crispy wontons and dressings.

Related: Smart robots could soon steal your job

Sekar imagines Sallys popping up in shared spaces like cafeterias, airports and schools — that is, places where a healthy meal would be a welcome change from the usual pre-packaged food. Eventually different versions of Sally could make meals like poke bowls or ramen, or find their way into busy restaurant kitchens.

At first blush, $30,000 is a lot money for a salad robot (there’s also an option to lease Sally for $500 a month). But in the Bay Area, a full-time kitchen employee like a line cook can cost $40,000 a year.

“Sally is the best employee. She doesn’t sleep, she doesn’t take vacation and she’s hardly ever sick,” said Kelly Olazar, another former Google chef who works at Chowbotics.

It’s a constant struggle to hire and retain restaurant staff, Ayers added. That’s largely due to the inflated housing prices caused by the same tech employees they’re trying to feed. Real estate is so expensive in Silicon Valley that many kitchen employees have to commute long distances for low-paying jobs.

Restaurant workers making the average $14 an hour would be unable to afford any currently listed homes in San Francisco and San Jose, according to a report from real estate site Trulia. The cities are two of the least affordable housing markets in the U.S.

Restaurant workers are not the only ones being priced out. Teachers, first responders and even doctors are struggling to afford homes in the area.

Turning to robots to try and solve labor problems is a classic Silicon Valley approach. Sally is not even the first attempt to automate restaurant work in the area: Eatsa, a quinoa restaurant, replaces waiters and hosts with iPads and a wall of cubbyholes that dispense food.

Related: iPads replace cashiers at SF’s quinoa restaurant

Sally is part of a larger trend of automation that could hit the food industry especially hard. Food preparation and service jobs are especially vulnerable because of the large amounts of predictable physical work involved, according to a recent study by the McKinsey Global Institute.

Sally still needs humans. There are numerous workers in each salad’s farm-to-robot journey. Someone has to clean and restock the device at least twice a day. People grow and prepare the ingredients, which Chowbotics buys pre-chopped. Chefs developed the salad recipes and dressings.

And Sally is not replacing any jobs at its early locations. Sally’s first customers will be diners at Calafia and tech workers at the Galvanize co-working space in San Francisco. For Galvanize’s engineers and future startup founders, the only thing a salad robot might replace is a bottle of Soylent.

article credits: here

Which Vehicles Hold Their Value Best? And Which Are Total Depreciation Disasters?

Which Vehicles Hold Their Value Best? And Which Are Total Depreciation Disasters?

What part of owning a vehicle do you suppose costs the most? Fuel? Taxes and fees? Maintenance? Actually, what costs the most is selling your car, when you take the depreciation hit. Time marches on, miles pile up, and value slips away. On average, vehicles lose almost half their original value within the first three years. The two ways of looking at this figure are depreciation and retained value, i.e., glass half-empty or glass half-full. A vehicle that depreciates 35 percent retains 65 percent of its original value.

53%:

Industry-wide average retained value after three years

Of course, not all vehicles depreciate equally. The National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) tracks trade-in values to gauge which vehicles hold their value best—and worst. The data here depicts the retained values of three-year-old models. It may be just as critical to your buying decision as zero-to-60 times.

10 BEST

Niche models may not be cash cows for the automakers, but they’re excellent opportunities for consumers, particularly if scooped up just before the model gets canceled. Toyota introduced the FJ Cruiser for the 2007 model year, and from 2008 until it was discontinued after 2014, the FJ never broke 15,000 annual sales. Now, the average three-year-old example is worth an astounding 98 percent of its original sale price.

10 Best

10 WORST

Vehicles that enjoy large sales volumes tend to reward their owners with lower depreciation rates. Unfortunately for buyers of low-volume yet mainstream small cars, especially from discontinued brands, the opposite is also true.

10 Worst

45 Tips to Live a Healthier Life

How healthy are you? Do you have a healthy diet? Do you exercise regularly? Do you drink at least 8 glasses of water a day? Do you get enough sleep every day? Do you live a healthy lifestyle?

Our body is our temple, and we need to take care of it to have a healthy life. Do you know that over 65% of Americans are either obese or overweight? That’s insane! Think of your body as your physical shell to take you through life. If you repeatedly abuse it with unhealthy food, your shell will wear out quickly. While you may look okay on the outside, on the inside, your arteries are getting clogged up with cholesterol and arterial plaque. That’s not a pretty sight!

Life is beautiful and you don’t want to bog yourself down with unnecessary health problems. Today, your vital organs (kidney, heart, lungs, gall bladder, liver, stomach, intestines, etc) may be working well, but they may not be tomorrow. Don’t take your good health today for granted. Take proper care of your body.

Good health isn’t just about healthy eating and exercise — it also includes having a positive mental health, a healthy self-image, and a healthy lifestyle. In this article, I share 45 tips to live a healthier life. Bookmark this post and save the tips, because they are going to be vital in living a healthier life. 🙂

  1. Drink more water. Most of us don’t actually drink enough water every day. Water is essential for our bodies to function — do you know over 60% of our body is made up of water? Water is needed to carry out body functions, remove waste, and carry nutrients and oxygen around our body. Since we lose water every day through urine, bowel movements, perspiration and breathing, we need to replenish our water intake.Water

    Furthermore, drinking more water aids in losing weight. A Health.com study carried out among overweight/obese people showed that water drinkers lose 4.5 more pounds than a control group. The researchers believe that it’s because drinking more water helps fill your stomach, making you less hungry and less likely to overeat. I agree with that, and I have an added take that your body tries to retain whatever water you have when you don’t take in enough water, leading to increase in weight. Whereas when you regularly drink water, your body knows that it’s going to get its supply of fluids, so it doesn’t try to retain more water.

    The amount of water we need is dependent on various factors such as humidity, your physical activity, and your weight, but generally we need 2.7-3.7 litres of water intake per day. Since food intake contributes about 20% of our fluid intake, that means we need to drink about 2.0-3.0 litres of water, or about 8-10 glasses (now you know how the 8 glasses recommendation came about!). One way to tell if you’re hydrated — your urine should be colorless or slightly yellow. If it’s not, you’re not getting enough water! Other signs include: Dry lips, dry mouth, and little urination. Go get some water first before you continue this article!

  2. Get enough sleep. When you don’t rest well, you compensate by eating more. Usually it’s junk food. Get enough rest and you don’t need to snack to stay awake. Also, lack of sleep causes premature aging, and you wouldn’t want that.
  3. Meditate. Meditation quietens your mind and calms your soul. If you don’t know how to meditate, don’t worry — learn how to meditate in 5 simple steps.Meditation at the field
  4. Exercise. Not just a few times a week, but every day. Movement is life. Research has shown that exercising daily brings tremendous benefits to our health, including increase of life span, lowering of risk of diseases, higher bone density, and weight loss. Increase activity in your life. Choose walking over transport for close distances. Climb the stairs instead of taking the lift. Join some aerobics classes. Take up a sport of your liking (see tip #5)
  5. Pick exercises you enjoy. When you enjoy the sports, you’ll naturally want to do them. Exercise isn’t about suffering and pushing yourself; it’s about being healthy and having fun at the same time. Adding variation in your exercises will keep them interesting.
  6. Work out different parts of your body. Don’t just do cardio (like jogging). Give your full body a proper work out. The easiest way is to engage in sports, since they work out different muscle groups. Popular sports include basketball, football, swimming, tennis, squash, badminton, frisbee, and more.
  7. Eat more fruits. Fruits contain a plethora of vitamins and minerals. Do you know that oranges offer more health benefits than Vitamin C pills? Taking in synthetic supplements is not the same as consuming the foods directly from nature. Satisfy your palate with these nutritious fruits: Watermelon, Apricots, Avocado (yes, avocado is technically a fruit!), Apple, Cantaloupe, Grapefruit, Kiwi, Guava, Papaya, Strawberries.Fruits
  8. Eat more vegetables. Like fruits, vegetables are important for good health. Experts suggest 5-9 servings of fruits/vegetables a day, but unfortunately most people don’t even have 5 servings! Some of my favorite vegetables include kidney beans, black beans, asparagus, long beans, french beans, sprouts, button mushrooms, and carrots. What are your favorite vegetables and how can you include more of them in your diet today?
  9. Pick bright-colored foods. Fruits and vegetables with bright colors are usually high in anti-oxidants. Anti-oxidants are good for health because they remove free radicals in our body that damage our cells. So get your fill of fruits/vegetables of different colors: White (Bananas, Mushroom), Yellow (Pineapples, Mango), Orange (Orange, Papaya), Red (Apple, Strawberries, Tomatoes, Watermelon), Green (Guava, Avocados,  Cucumber, Lettuce, Celery), Purple/Blue (Blackberries, Eggplant, Prunes). Here’s a full list under the color wheel.
  10. Cut down on processed food. Processed foods are not good because (1) most nutritional value is lost in the making of these foods and (2) the added preservatives are bad for our health.  Many processed foods contain a high amount of salt content, which leads to higher blood pressure and heart disease. Processed foods are anything that is not in its raw form. In general, most food in supermarkets are processed — the more ingredients it has on the label (especially the ones ending with ‘ite’ or ‘ate’), the more processed they are. Watch out for those with salt/sugar in the first 5 ingredients and go for natural, whole food as much as possible.
  11. Love yourself. How much do you love yourself on a scale of 1-10? Why? How can you love yourself more starting today? Read: How to Develop a Positive Body Image (series)Pink hearts
  12. Barefoot walking/running. There have been many proven positive benefits of barefoot walking/running, from better posture, less stress for your feet, less stress for your joints, etc . I’ve been running barefoot since May 2010 and loving it. Read: 10 Reasons To Run Barefoot
  13. Purge negative people from your life. Positive mental health is an important part of a healthy life. You don’t need toxic people in your life. If you feel that a friend is overly critical or negative, let him/her go. If you’re dealing with backstabbers, let them go too. Watch my video: How to Deal with Backstabbers
  14. Purge negativity from yourself. You don’t need negativity from yourself either. Listen to the thoughts that come up in your mind and get rid of the negative thoughts that you hear. A lot of eating happens because one feels unhappy, so by staying in a positive state yourself, you cut out that unhealthy dependence on food to be happy.
  15. Process unhappy thoughts. One great way to purge negativity from within is to do brain dumping exercises whenever you feel frustrated. This is something I do with my coaching clients as well, where I ask them to write out their deepest thoughts so that we can address them. Don’t keep these thoughts pent up inside you — it’s not healthy. Watch: How to Stay Positive All the Time [Video]
  16. Avoid trigger foods. Trigger foods are the foods that make you go berserk and binge like crazy after you eat them. Everyone’s trigger foods are different (mine used to be doughnuts, pastries, and chips), but generally trigger foods are candy bars, chocolate, confectionery, chips, cookies, or anything with a high level of refined sugar, salt, fat, or flour. These foods cause a blood sugar imbalance, hence triggering one to eat more. What are your trigger foods? Identify them and remove them from your diet.
  17. Breathe. Deeply. Oxygen is a vital source of life. You may know how to breathe, but are you breathing properly? Most of us don’t breathe properly — we take only shallow breaths and breathe to 1/3 of our lung capacity. Athletes are coached proper breathing techniques to get their best performance. A full breath is one where your lungs are completely filled, your abdomen expands, and there’s minimum movement in your shoulders.Woman breathing
  18. Address emotional eating issues. Emotional eating is eating to fill an emotion rather than real hunger. Do you eat when you feel stressed out, down or frustrated? Do you reach out for food when you hit a block at work? Chances are, you’re emotional eating. However, emotional eating will never make you feel happy, because you’re trying to fill a void that has nothing to do with food. Food doesn’t give you love or happiness; it’s just food. Why do you reach out for food when you’re down? How can you address it? Get to the root of the issue and address it. Read: How to Stop Emotional Eating (6-part series)
  19. Eat small meals. Choose several small meals over a few big meals a day. This balances out your energy distribution throughout the day. In general, eat when you feel hungry, and stop when you’re full (see tip #20). You don’t need to wait until official meal times before you start eating. Listen to your body and what it tells you.
  20. Stop eating when you feel full. Many of us rely on external cues to tell when we’re full, such as whether everyone has finished eating and whether your plate was empty or not. These are irrelevant: you should look at internal cues, such as whether your stomach feels full or not. Don’t feel obligated to eat just because there’s still food on the plate. Personally I like to stop when I feel about 3/4 full — if I eat till I’m totally full, I’ll feel uncomfortable as my digestive system goes into overdrive. Use your gut as your indicator (literally). 😉
  21. Go for brown carbs vs. white carbs. White carbs are refined grains like white rice, pasta, white bread, crackers, noodles, tortillas, wraps, anything with white flour and breading. The nutrients have been removed in the production process, leaving them rich in calories but low in nutrients. They also cause unhealthy spikes in our sugar levels. Go for brown carbs (unrefined complex carbs) instead, like brown rice, whole grain, oats, oatmeal (not the instant kind), and legumes. These come with nutrients and vitamins intact.Legumes
  22. Live a life with purpose. Positive health starts from within! Are you living a life of meaning? Are you living in line with your purpose? Since I started living in line with my purpose years ago, I’ve never ever been happier. And you can experience that too. Read: Discover Your Purpose in Life (series)
  23. Say no to oily food. Reduce your intake of fast food, fries, doughnuts, chips, wedges, and foods that have been deep fried. Not only are they very fattening (1 tablespoon of oil is 120 calories), deep fried food contains acrylamide, a potential cancer-causing chemical. According to a BBC report, an ordinary bag of crisps may contain up to 500 times more of the substance than the top level allowed in drinking water by the World Health Organisation (WHO)! I personally find that when I consume oily foods, I feel sluggish. There are better alternatives, such as grilled, steamed, stir-fried, or even raw food (see tip #41).
  24. Cut out sugary foods. These are your candy bars, your pastries, chocolate, cookies, cakes, and jelly donuts. Not only do they not fill you, they trigger you to eat more due to the sugar rush they cause (see tip #16). Go for healthy snacks instead (see tip #36) — you’ll be more satisfied and happier.
  25. Go organic. Organic foods are foods produced without “synthetic inputs such as pesticides and chemical fertilizers, do not contain genetically modified organisms, and are not processed using irradiation, industrial solvents, or chemical food additives.” (Wiki) The organic movement is slowly catching on, with more supermarkets, especially in the US, offering organic options. Organic food tends to cost more, but hey — would you rather save some money and feed your body with pesticides or pay a few extra dollars for a cleaner, healthier body?
  26. Improve your posture. Good posture improves your breathing (see tip #17) and makes you look more smarter and more attractive. Read more: Benefits Of a Good Posture (And 13 Tips To Get One)
  27. Cut out soda and caffeine. Drinks with caffeine are diuretics, meaning they speed up the rate of urine production. Hence, these drinks do not contribute to your 8 glasses of water/day requirement — they actually take away from it! Furthermore, soda is unhealthy, causes weight gain, and is an artificial stimulant, among other reasons. Ditch your soda and go for plain water or vegetable juices instead! Read more: 5 Reasons To Quit Soda (And How to Do It)Soda Drinks
  28. Don’t drink alcohol. Like caffeine, alcohol is a diuretic. Not only that, alcohol is repeatedly proven to have negative effects on our body and health — impacting the proper functioning of our brain, liver, lungs, and other major organs. If you drink alcohol regularly, it’s time to cut it out, or at the very least, drastically reduce your consumption.
  29. Prepare your meals. Lately I’m beginning to appreciate the value of preparing my own meals. When you prepare your meals, you control what goes into them. No more being in a dilemma between eating healthy  and choosing between sub-optimal food choices. Get some quality kitchen equipment — it will be your best investment ever. I bought my blender 3 years ago and it’s been such a breeze making my own fruit juices!Home prepared meal
  30. Learn to say no. Don’t feel like you need to eat just because you’re out with friends or because other people offer you food. Simply say no and say you’re not hungry if you don’t feel like eating. Read: How to Say No To Others
  31. Bring a water bottle when you go out. That way, you can replenish your fluids whenever you want to. It saves you money as well and you don’t need to subject yourself to poor alternatives like soda, which increases your fluid outtake instead since caffeine is a diuretic (see tip #27).
  32. Dine at salad bars more often. Lately I’m falling in love with salad bars. Salad bars work like this: you pick your greens, you select X number of toppings (usually 6 or unlimited, depending on the outlet) and you finish off with a dressing. The variety is huge, it’s filling, and it’s extremely healthy.Salad bar
  33. Go for low-calorie, low-fat alternatives. There are many low-fat / non-fat alternatives today — from yogurts, to salad dressing, soy milk, spreads, ice cream, etc. Check out this comprehensive list: Lower Calorie, Lower Fat Alternatives. Of course, keep an eye on the overall calorie and other ingredients. Some food that is packed as “low/non-fat” may actually still be unhealthy, so you want to stay clear of them as well.
  34. Stop smoking. It has been extensively proven that smoking is detrimental to health, severely increasing the risk of lung cancer, kidney cancer, esophageal cancer (of our gullet), heart attack, and more. Smoking “light” cigarettes do not decrease health risks either. Bottom line: if you’re a smoker, quit for better health of not just yourself, but also your family and friends. If you don’t smoke, stay that way and don’t start.
  35. Avoid passive smoking. Second hand smoking (breathing in air from smokers) causes many of the same long-term diseases as direct smoking (Wiki). And did you know? According to CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), there is no risk-free level of passive smoking; even brief exposure can be harmful to health. Get away from smokers and avoid cigarette smoke where you can.
  36. Have healthy snacks. If you’re hungry at work, eat healthy snacks like fruits, salads, and vegetable juices. These are nutritional and don’t give you that sugar rush. Have them readily available so that you can get a munch and stop when you’ve your fill. Stay away from cookies and candy bars.Fruits
  37. Drink fruit/veg smoothies. I love smoothies because it’s a quick way to get vitamins and nutrients. Simply throw my favorite fruits and vegetables into the blender, wait for 30 seconds, and it’s done! I recommend to use a blender for fruits, rather than a juicer, as juicing generally remove the fiber of the fruit and creates large sugar spikes in your body (which is not healthy) due to the loss of fiber.
  38. Juicing. Juicing is where you extract the juice from vegetables/fruits (via a juicing machine). Since the fiber is stripped away, you are literally drinking the nutrients and minerals directly from the juice. Juices and smoothies complement each other — the former gives our digestive system a break while the latter gives us the fiber which aids our digestion. I recommend juicing for vegetables as it’s a great way to quickly get vitamins and nutrients without having to munch through a huge volume of fiber. If you’re new to juicing, learn more about it here and check out these sample juicing recipes.
  39. Try a vegetarian diet. Just to be clear, being vegetarian doesn’t necessarily mean better health as there is a lot of unhealthy vegetarian food out there (fried food, white-carb heavy meals, desserts). That said, there are many proven health benefits of a vegetarian diet. I’m a vegetarian today as I tried it for 30 days back in 2008 and felt the positive effects for myself — mentally and physically. Try it out for 21 days and see how it works out for you. Get started here.
  40. Try a vegan diet. A vegetarian is someone who does not consume animal products. A vegan is someone who doesn’t consume animal or animal-derived products. This means no dairy, honey, cheese, or milk. So in that sense, being vegan seems like a very strict diet in our meat-heavy food culture, but it is said to give even more positive benefits than a vegetarian diet! Learn more about veganism here and here.Salad
  41. Try a raw vegan diet. A raw vegan consumes only non-processed, raw vegan food: mainly fruits, vegetables and nuts. Notice the progression from vegetarian → vegan → raw vegan diet is toward naturally occurring foods. There are many reported benefits of switching from veganism to raw veganism, including increased youth, weight loss, increased energy, and increased health benefits.Now, raw veganism is very difficult in the modern society especially as our current society is all about cooked food and, depending on where you live, very meat-heavy, highly processed, and dairy-laden food. That said, it doesn’t mean that you can’t experiment! I have gone on several 21-day raw vegan trials before and always felt very energized each time. Learn more about raw veganism here, herehere and here.
  42. Get out more often. If you have a regular 9-5 job, chances are you spend much of your time holed up in the office and not a lot of time going out and having fun. During weekends, you’re probably busy with work or running errands. Make a point to go out with your friends at least once a week. Get some sun. Go out and have a change of environment. It’ll be great for your body and your soul.
  43. Exercise good dental hygiene. Not only does good hygiene make you a lot more desirable, but it is linked with better health. Brush your teeth twice a day, rinse your mouth after each meal, and floss your teeth at night. Read: How to Attain Healthier Gums and Teeth: Path To Better Oral HygieneWoman brushing teeth
  44. Join classes. Dance classes, aerobics classes, tennis classes, ballroom dancing, scuba diving, and wakeboarding courses are all places to start. Going there also lets you socialize with a new group of people.

45. Hang out with healthy people. You’re the average of the 5 people you spend the most time with, so the more time you spend around healthy people, the better it is. Eat with people who are health conscious and get workout buddies. It makes healthy living even more fun! 🙂

Have a Good day everyone. Make sure to check us out Universal Coachworks Inc

 

3 Car Paint Types: Pros and Cons of Each

Image result for the difference between car paints

There are many different car paint types and there are many pros and cons to each type. Your needs and the look you are trying to achieve will dictate the best type of paint. Certain types are easy to apply while others may be more difficult. Some paints may be hazardous to the health and will require special equipment and ventilation. You should look into the different types of paints, how they are applied and the pros of cons of each.

  • Pros of Urethane Car Paint: Urethane paint is a good choice as it can be sprayed over almost every kind of paint as it will not react. This paint can even be sprayed over lacquer. Urethane paints are also very affordable and will dry very quickly after it is applied. Urethane paints will last for a very long time and are very durable; they do not easily fade or chip.
  • Cons of Urethane Car Paint: While this type of paint is affordable it is not the least expensive type available. While urethane paints do last along time they can sometimes have a plastic like appearance. You will need to wear proper protective gear as it is toxic. When handling urethane paint you will need to wear a painter’s suit, respirator with air pump and eye goggles. If you are using a spray gun you may find it tricky as sometimes there are flow problems.
  • Pros of Metallic Car Paint: Metallic paint offers a very cool paint effect as it will make your car noticeable and looks great on sports and muscle cars. Metallic paint makes for a very eye catching car. Many times a metallic coat of paint can increase the resale value of your car. Metallic paints are a type of premium paint and it can hide dings and scratches because it is highly reflective.
  • Cons of Metallic Car Paint: While this paint can hide scratches it can also make damage difficult to repair. This paint is hard to match if you should need to fix any spots.  You also do not have many color choices so if you are looking for a specific shade you can have difficulties. It is also a very expensive type of car paint.
  • Pros of Acrylic Car Paint: This paint is very easy to apply and will produce a very nice glossy finish. In particular acrylic enamel paints will produce hard shell when it dries and when professionals apply they will actually bake it onto car. There is a single stage acrylic paint and a double stage system that will require a top clear coat.
  • Cons of Acrylic Car Paints: While acrylic enamel paints are a type of car paint hardener, acrylic lacquer paints do not last very long and are described as “soft.” This paint will easily fade and wear when it is exposed to UV light or chemicals. They can also be very difficult to apply for those do it yourself painters and you will need to do a lot of finishing work. If you use acrylic urethane paint then once it is mixed you need to use it immediately.

Visit us at on the web to learn more about our shop by clicking here

Fuel Economy in Cold Weather

Fuel Economy in Cold Weather

Person driving in snowy weather

Cold weather and winter driving conditions can reduce your fuel economy significantly.

Fuel economy tests show that, in short-trip city driving, a conventional gasoline car’s gas mileage is about 12% lower at 20°F than it would be at 77°F. It can drop as much as 22% for very short trips (3 to 4 miles).

The effect on hybrids is worse. Their fuel economy can drop about 31% to 34% under these conditions.

Why is winter fuel economy lower?

Cold weather affects your vehicle in more ways than you might expect:

  • Engine and transmission friction increases in cold temperatures due to cold engine oil and other drive-line fluids.
  • It takes longer for your engine to reach its most fuel-efficient temperature. This affects shorter trips more, since your car spends more of your trip at less-than-optimal temperatures.
  • Heated seats, window defrosters, and heater fans use additional power.
  • Warming up your vehicle before you start your trip lowers your fuel economy—idling gets 0 miles per gallon.
  • Colder air is denser, increasing aerodynamic drag on your vehicle, especially at highway speeds.
  • Tire pressure decreases in colder temperatures, increasing rolling resistance.
  • Winter grades of gasoline can have slightly less energy per gallon than summer blends.
  • Battery performance decreases in cold weather, making it harder for your alternator to keep your battery charged. This also affects the performance of the regenerative braking system on hybrids.

In severe winter weather, your mpg can drop even further.

  • Icy or snow-covered roads decrease your tires’ grip on the road, wasting energy.
  • Safe driving speeds on slick roads can be much lower than normal, further reducing fuel economy, especially at speeds below 30 to 40 mph.
  • Using four-wheel drive uses more fuel.

What can I do to improve my fuel economy in cold weather?

You may not be able to completely mitigate cold weather’s effect on your fuel economy, but you can do some simple things to help your gas mileage:

Cars parked in garage during cold weather

  • Park your car in a warmer place, such as your garage, to increase the initial temperature of your engine and cabin.
  • Combine trips when possible so that you drive less often with a cold engine.
  • Minimize idling your car to warm it up. Most manufacturers recommend driving off gently after about 30 seconds. The engine will warm up faster being driven, which will allow the heat to turn on sooner, decrease your fuel costs, and reduce emissions.
  • Don’t use seat warmers or defrosters more than necessary.
  • Check your tire pressure regularly.
  • Use the type of oil recommended by your manufacturer for cold weather driving.
  • Remove accessories that increase wind resistance, like roof racks, when not in use.
  • If you drive a plug-in hybrid or electric vehicle, preheating the cabin while plugged into the charger can extend your vehicle’s range.
  • If you drive a plug-in hybrid or electric vehicle, using the seat warmers instead of the cabin heater can save energy and extend range.

Credits

IT IS THE LITTLE THINGS THAT MAKE A BIG DIFFERENCE

download.jpeg

There was a man taking a morning walk at or the beach. He saw that along with the morning tide came hundreds of starfish and when the tide receded, they were left behind and with the morning sun rays, they would die. The tide was fresh and the starfish were alive. The man took a few steps, picked one and threw it into the water. He did that repeatedly. Right behind him there was another person who couldn’t understand what this man was doing. He caught up with him and asked, “What are you doing? There are hundreds of starfish. How many can you help? What difference does it make?” This man did not reply, took two more steps, picked up another one, threw it into the water, and said, “It makes a difference to this one.”

What difference are we making? Big or small, it does not matter. If everyone made a small difference, we’d end up with a big difference, wouldn’t we?

Up ↑